April 18, 2018

Wildlife of RER: The Great Hornbill

Meet the Great Hornbill (Buceros bicornis). The bird, which is part of the hornbill family, is native to the Indian subcontinent (Bhutan, India and Nepal) and Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam). In Indonesia, it can only be found in Sumatra Island.

The Great Hornbill, which is known in Indonesia as the Rangkong Papan, measures 95 to 130cm in length and weighs two to four kilograms, making it a very large bird, and the heaviest Asian hornbill.

Most distinctively, the Great Hornbill bears a bright yellow and black casque on top of its massive, hooked yellow bill (beak). However, young birds have no casque, and a full development of the casque only takes place after five years.

Another distinctive feature of the Great Hornbill is its wing beats, which are heavy and can be heard from a distance – even more than half a mile away!

Great Hornbill (Buceros bicornis)

Most distinctively, the Great Hornbill bears a bright yellow and black casque on top of its massive, hooked yellow bill (beak).

Children heard about the wildlife monitoring and other tasks that take place within the 20,450 hectares of ecosystem restoration concession area on their island, and learned about the importance of caring for their natural environment.

Topics covered included the seedling nursery which is used to grow new trees to be planted in deforested areas. In 2017 25,644 seeds were planted from 38 species, 2,030 of which are now ready to be transferred to their new homes.

A highlight was the section on wildlife monitoring, which included screening video of several rare animals caught on film via motion detecting camera traps. This raised the interest of, Siti Nurfika, one of the students, who asked how to determine the best location to install camera traps in the forest.

The Head of Kudap Village, Sutrisno SE, said: “The Kudap Village thanks RER for its support to the village program in raising the awareness of the villagers to love the environment.”

Separately, Jaspar, S.Pd., Deputy Head of Tasik Putri Puyu Senior High School 1, said that this plays an important role for the students of his school in teaching them to love the environment where they live.

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